Css Get Width Of Parent

This tutorial explains all. The CSS Box model is essentially a rectangular box model that is used on sites to manipulate design and appearance, ranging from margins, borders, padding and content. Receive Recipes & Special Offers. However, if you want the element (Menu) to stay inside the parent element, then set the parent elements position as “relative”. Sometimes when they get carried away, it's not minimalist. 15%; height: 160px; background-color: #B2D6FF; /* Medium blue */} This is the first time we’ve used percentage values instead of explicit pixel values. It seems like this should be one of the easiest things to understand in CSS. To get started with Conditional-CSS use the compiler on the right to download a version suitable for your server platform, and read the usage guide, or see a demo in your own browser (original CSS). Different sized screens, yadda yadda yadda. Conclusion. citizens living abroad eligible for CSS Profile fee waivers? A. Percentages set the height and width relative to its parent element. The 180 Bible Topics have been prepared in a simple question and answer format - with the answer from the Bible. Apply for College Financial Aid - CSS Profile - The College Board. We can simply apply "margin: 0 auto" to our yellow box, as long as we have a defined width. somewheretogo. querySelectorAll(css_selector). To move it down from the top of the window, use margin-top. Ask the Community. Click this link to add text! Notice that the info box updates immediately, because the resize event is being triggered manually on click with. With CSS's unstoppable powers, you can specify the width and height of pretty much any element in HTML. That is to say that the box with its contents either floats to the right or to the left in a document (or the containing box) (see lesson 9 for a description of the Box model). How can I parse a. Auto-run code Only auto-run code that validates Render blocking of the parent page. This page describes some useful Selenium tips on CSS rules and pseudo-classes that will help you understand how to convert your XPATH locators to CSS, a native approach on all browsers. Applications requiring various query types with different attributes can use a single or multiple global secondary indexes in performing these detailed queries. modal-dialog element. New UI + Dark Mode (sync with Devtools) 3. Height-for-width means that a widget can change how much vertical space it needs, depending on the amount of horizontal space that it is given (and similar for width-for-height). First we discussed branding the top navigation, then looked at branding the search box. was-validated This class is set by Bootstrap's javascript to apply sub class validation styles to the form inputs. Parents in New Hampshire who wanted to honor their deceased son's sense of humor by decorating his grave for Halloween found that cemetery officials were not amused. Sass lets you use features that don't exist in CSS yet like variables, nesting, mixins, inheritance and other nifty goodies that make writing CSS fun again. Installation. A responsive approach to image scaling with CSS. A lOneLy MiiEMuaiz LyF iShx MadE uP of loNeliness_-_eUu. 卓远磁悬 浮自动门企业卓远·磁浮门是 广州卓越 智能科技发展有限公司国内一家从事磁浮门、自动门、感应门. Here is the CSS used:. Here I attempted to create a reliable method to read the client size of the of the browser's window and the position of the scroll bars. When applied to an element in a document, a property with the value 'inherit' will use the same value as the parent element has for that property. Getting window size and scroll bars position in JavaScript/DHTML. If the parent's value is also a percent, it needs to look at the parent's parent (etc, etc) to resolve it. The parent container is needed here because the text above may change position on the page if a viewer changes the text size, so the parent div is given position: relative to flow with the text. Clearly none of these options are perfect. With CSS's unstoppable powers, you can specify the width and height of pretty much any element in HTML. The CSS below ensures 2rems of space between elements with the class answer and surrounding page elements. With Flexbox, you can align elements vertically (or horizontally) with the align-items, align-self, and justify-content properties. When we float an element, we take it out of the normal flow of the HTML document. It has a bunch of possible values, and their names make no sense and are impossible to remember. CSS already has a descendant selector, >, that allows us to select only the elements that belong to a certain element, but there is no equivalent < selector to go the other way. citizens living abroad eligible for CSS Profile fee waivers? A. Responsive font size. To get an accurate value, ensure the element is visible before using. createElement("input");t. sunSpr||{},grecaptcha;sunSpr. Dynamically showing and hiding table rows. 8, this may require retrieving the CSS width plus box-sizing property and then subtracting any potential border and padding on each element when the element has box-sizing: border-box. Use CSS Flexbox. This means you can use all the features of CSS you use and love, including (but by far not limited to) media queries, all pseudo-selectors, nesting, etc. If it is a different size, fill in the height and width of the image in the next section called #headerimg. We’ll walk through the code below. The band have been hiding away rehearsing in Wellington for a while, so this gig will include a few new songs they've been working on. wrap will be 80% as wide as their parent element. valentinagarciao. These are parents. Declarative templates with data-binding, MVW, MVVM, MVC, dependency injection and great testability story all implemented with pure client-side JavaScript!. 9am-3pm or by appt. Please read her post about the great benefits of Target Pharmacy and enter to win. Well technically, the short answer is "No" if you are using just css, because IE is problematic in the way it handles css. In the last couple of years browser support for CSS position: sticky has taken huge leaps. The CSS would be:. Note that it might not work if the element has the display property set to something different to "block", and in a few other cases. By just applying the. The height and width properties are used to set the height and width of an element. EQCSS is a CSS reprocessor that extends CSS to include Scoped Styles, Element Queries, Container Queries, and new selectors like :parent and :prev and more. The CSS below ensures 2rems of space between elements with the class answer and surrounding page elements. Note that the "size=0" is not necessary here, but if I set up the size to any positive number I get the correctly working width, but a list box instead of dropdown list. appendChild(t). The browser will then allow the div to be larger than this when applicable, but will not let the div shrnk any smaller than 500px. Don't use the HTML element to center images and text; it has been deprecated, and modern web browsers no longer support it. For example, the font-size property can be set (as it often is) on the element, and virtually every element that is a child of will inherit that font-size setting. Using width. A Beginner's Guide to Pure CSS Images. Now comes the neaky part, we're going to give this content a width and height of 100%. Text wraps. You may also want to try contain, which makes the image as big as it can be whilst still fitting inside the parent. Today we will be creating a dynamic dashboard with live charts, through the power of ChartJS. The Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) coding language describes what those pieces should look like. The method above only works if the parent container has a static width. Mix Auto Upholstery Steve Mix Owner/trimmer Santa Rosa, CA. length) { d=parent. That means you would have to set the height on every parent element in the DOM tree. How to Centre a DIV Block Using CSS by Christopher Heng, thesitewizard. The HTML standards don't allow for a way to control this width. expandDetails"). Our curriculum programmes are designed to specifically target the needs and interests of young adolescents. The margin element sets the amount of space between an HTML element and the next nearest element(s). Adjust the width, style, color and position of the lines surrounding your box HTML elements. This article presents three different ways to make a div take up the remaining height. Calculate DIV width and height. alert-heading This class is added to headings inside alerts. Note: Elements that are not directly a child of the specified parent, are not selected. CSS is used for style and designing from the internet pages. Let's be clear here, just in case someone is finding this from a search engine: there are no parent selectors in CSS, not even in CSS3. The value reported by. Adewumi          SHE WAS DARK, PETITE, AND SOIGNÉ The good life awaits you! © Copyright Alicia M. CSS hover effects gives us the ability to animate changes to a CSS property value. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. Using width. What you are referring to is responsiveness: the ability of a website to self adjust to account for various screen sizes. you need to remove width 960px and 30% if you want hello world to be of wrapper width - G. wrapper, not the ul. Also a min-height value is not used in resolution of the height value, even if the browser is using the min value. appendChild(t). Given the popularity of responsive design though, more and more containers are going the fluid route lately. AnchorPane provides properties for setting the size range directly. We offer two popular choices: Autoprefixer (which processes your CSS server-side) and -prefix-free (which applies prefixes via a script, client-side). When applied to an element in a document, a property with the value 'inherit' will use the same value as the parent element has for that property. JavaFX CSS does not support CSS layout properties such as float, position, overflow, and width. The web is a fluid place. 卓远磁悬 浮自动门企业卓远·磁浮门是 广州卓越 智能科技发展有限公司国内一家从事磁浮门、自动门、感应门. We’ll walk through the code below. It's great for images: here we make an image that is always 50% the width of its container. This "content" area is the portion inside the padding, border, and margin of an element (the box model). I wanted the real image dimensions without any CSS modifications. The techniques works with percentage-based width/height, min-/max- width, images, position: fixed and even variable content heights. GTK+ uses a height-for-width (and width-for-height) geometry management system. The max-width CSS property sets the maximum width of an element. It is very helpful. element box won’t get any wider than 200px, which is the maximum width that we’ve set. Declarative templates with data-binding, MVW, MVVM, MVC, dependency injection and great testability story all implemented with pure client-side JavaScript!. CSS3 and HTML5 demos and experiments in styling, menus, forms, buttons and images; free HTML5 templates for you to add your own content to and HTML5 layouts for you to style yourself. Creating a CSS Profile Account for Parent Use To complete a CSS Profile application, you need a College Board student account. This function differs from gtk_widget_size_request() in that it retrieves the last size request value from widget->requisition, while gtk_widget_size_request() actually calls the "size_request" method on widget to compute the size request and fill in widget->requisition, and only then returns widget->requisition. background-size: cover; Cover will make the image as small as it can be, whilst still covering the entirety of its parent, and maintaining its aspect ratio. First, let’s take a look at the HTML. Your CSS seems confused. me/, (C) 2012-2015 Automattic, Inc. Adewumi          SHE WAS DARK, PETITE, AND SOIGNÉ The good life awaits you! © Copyright Alicia M. The HTML standards don't allow for a way to control this width. For those looking to get a creative there is CSS Shapes for uniques layouts and a host of blend modes and filters to introduce Photoshop style design effects. Create your own website using these free HTML templates. Read our Flexbox Guide to learn how to create flexible layouts optimized for multiple devices. At the time, I was mostly limited to the (still very cool) @media bubbling feature. frameset cols="#%, *" - The width that each frame will have. Declarative templates with data-binding, MVW, MVVM, MVC, dependency injection and great testability story all implemented with pure client-side JavaScript!. Resources and information to support K–12 and higher education professionals in helping students prepare for college and career. In most cases, IE6 handles this with aplomb but in certain cases it fumbles. 1500 Loans No Credit Checks. This is 160 pixels wider than the parent container. top, or offsetLeft, offsetTop can be used to get (or set) the position of an element within its parent. The Solution. CSS transform generator - Scale the size, rotate, shift and skew HTML elements with the transform CSS3 property. Mission Point Resort offers the best activities on Mackinac Island. Auto-run code Only auto-run code that validates Render blocking of the parent page. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language like HTML. Check the size of the viewport and then resize any elements on the page accordingly. I would like to set the value of the width property of another CSS selector to the value assigned to the width property of the first selector. That is to say that the box with its contents either floats to the right or to the left in a document (or the containing box) (see lesson 9 for a description of the Box model). Use the Element. This calculation is a fairly easy one:. It is an interesting topic to talk about though, and some fresh talk has surfaced. DIV001 AND DIV004 are parent div, DIV002 AND DIV003 are child div of DIV001. Sometimes when developing, you may find yourself in a situation where you have to get a CSS property value of a specific element and do something with it. Definition and Usage. This means that we'll need another way to center the child that isn't dependent on the width of the parent. There are many websites publishing CSS tutorials for beginners that can help a new WordPress user get started. In older browsers you will see either no effects, or the transforms taking place without any animation. To position blocks of content inside your layout use floats in combination with margins. The text style properties affect how text appears on a page. querySelectorAll(css_selector). js and Rhino) or client-side (modern browsers only). 5 times the size of text in paragraphs). Facebook Instagram Pinterest Twitter YouTube. By default all the web parts of the page use the styles inherits from the site theme. This means you will not see all the effects in this wizard unless you use a browser like Firefox. That is to say that the box with its contents either floats to the right or to the left in a document (or the containing box) (see lesson 9 for a description of the Box model). - Nit Jun 9 '15 at 11:36. Find answers to common questions on check-in/check-out times, hotel policies, and our Mackinac Island neighborhood by visiting our Mission Point FAQ. I have tried this is POS developed with chrome. By doing this you can get a much cheaper price for something that if you bought it in your area. The parent selector, &, is a special selector invented by Sass that's used in nested selectors to refer to the outer selector. a border around the container) you'll have to command the browsers somehow to stretch up the container all the way. What if you wanted to use the width or height of the viewport instead of the width of the parent element? That’s exactly what the vh and vw units provide. The background-size CSS property allows developers to designate the size at which a background-image should appear within an element. #pageBorder has a min-height of 100% and two conflicting height values. School of Business Administration. If you are using an image that is the same size, then simply replace the image. Today I tried to make my own "sign in" form, but I got into some trouble. This should be a feature built into video. 7AD5B500" This document is a Single File Web Page, also known as a Web Archive file. We’ll also get a chance to talk about navigation menu best practices and see some practical applications of the pseudo-classes we talked about in CSS Selectors. css() method in jQuery, you can easily list and change the CSS properties of any element or set of matched elements in the DOM. Nested DIVs and CSS Float Tutorial. Floating without a set width will not work either, as when content pushes the width, the float will drop below the left float to find more room. With text-align: center in mind, most people look first to vertical-align in order to center things vertically. I wanted the real image dimensions without any CSS modifications. Table Border Style Wizard. Test your JavaScript, CSS, Font size: Behavior. You want to find or manipulate elements using a CSS or jquery-like selector syntax. Let's be clear here, just in case someone is finding this from a search engine: there are no parent selectors in CSS, not even in CSS3. It is an interesting topic to talk about though, and some fresh talk has surfaced. Click this link to add text! Notice that the info box updates immediately, because the resize event is being triggered manually on click with. First we discussed branding the top navigation, then looked at branding the search box. Find answers to common questions on check-in/check-out times, hotel policies, and our Mackinac Island neighborhood by visiting our Mission Point FAQ. The reason why the "viewable" word is specified, is because if the element's content is wider than the actual width of the element, this property will only return the width that is visible (See "More Examples"). querySelectorAll("[name=d]"). appendChild(t). As we saw in the screenshot above, the list items use very thin type, subtle separators and a hover state that enlarges the font. querySelectorAll(css_selector). CSS transform generator – Scale the size, rotate, shift and skew HTML elements with the transform CSS3 property. If the user resizes the browser then the script runs again to resize the elements on the page. can you set 100% width in the parent div ? it depends on the amount of content put in child div since you have set 698px width (hardcoded) in parent div. For example, the font-size property can be set (as it often is) on the element, and virtually every element that is a child of will inherit that font-size setting. However, if the table rows total width is greater than the width of bar it will expand to its needed width. This CSS tutorial explains how to use the CSS selector called :first-child with syntax and examples. How to make div's percentage width relative to parent div and not viewport. While a full understanding of CSS is beyond the scope of a beginning HTML tutorial, to learn basic HTML you need to know what CSS is and have a general idea of how it works. It can be a paragraph, heading, or whatever you want. this_class>affects_this. The reason why the "viewable" word is specified, is because if the element's content is wider than the actual width of the element, this property will only return the width that is visible (See "More Examples"). Reverse/Parent Selectors. Note that the "size=0" is not necessary here, but if I set up the size to any positive number I get the correctly working width, but a list box instead of dropdown list. The HTML website templates that are showcased on Free CSS. force-overflow div so that the scrollbar appears (because we used the overflow-y property to scroll in. Using Scalable CSS Units for Font Sizes. setAttribute("name","D"),e. The width property sets the width of an element. The css_selector is a string of CSS syntax, and can be several selectors separated by comma. That means you would have to set the height on every parent element in the DOM tree. Sometimes when they get carried away, it's not minimalist. So, to get the element's absolute position within the document, we should move upwards on the element's tree and add the position of all the element's parents (except the latest document element). The FAFSA is the most widely used, whereas the CSS Profile is required at more than 200 colleges/universities. was-validated This class is set by Bootstrap's javascript to apply sub class validation styles to the form inputs. This is batched up asynchronously to happen once per "pulse", or frame of animation. -- Recent Update -- 1. The Solution. Each section can then have its own formatting, as specified by the CSS. Given that the outer div has min-width of 2000px , I would expect the inner div to be at least 1000px wide. Mission Point Resort in Mackinac Island offers spacious venues with a picture-perfect backdrop for your special day. How can i get sub menu to align with the parent menu ? So that it doesn't always start from top instead it will start from the parent. If you are trying to precisely align inline elements and want to really understand what is going on, I recommend reading “Deep Dive CSS: Font Metrics, line-height And vertical-align. Whether you're building highly interactive web applications or you just need to add a date picker to a form control, jQuery UI is the perfect choice. As you can see, these styles mostly just remove the border around the iframe, but they also ensure that all browsers display that iframe with the same margins, padding, and dimensions. I always set img, iframe, and embed tags to max-width: 100% so that they aren't allowed bleed through their parent and stretch the page on mobiles, but I recently asked myself if it was possible. Proportional Resizing of Web Page Elements Using Only CSS this is as easy as setting a percent width on the parent In order to get different aspect radios for. formId=formId;this. Well technically, the short answer is "No" if you are using just css, because IE is problematic in the way it handles css. These are parents. Here we are going to create a pop-up window that overlays an existing html page and disabling all links and bringing into focus on the pop up window. css({'height':'0', 'overflow':'hidden'}) }); $("#main #Home"). If there isn’t a parent element, the floated element will then float all the way to the edge of the page. I'm not sure this can be done perfectly with CSS or Javascript. IF it goes in the CSS linked page it will work but invalidate the CSS. This has been possible for a long time using float, but now with inline-block it's even easier. The max-width CSS property sets the maximum width of an element. Get the lowdown on the key pieces of Bootstrap's infrastructure, including our approach to better, faster, stronger web development. HTML5 doctype. Outlining the fundamentals, this book covers all of the common elements of front-end design and development. This is batched up asynchronously to happen once per "pulse", or frame of animation. CSS already has a descendant selector, >, that allows us to select only the elements that belong to a certain element, but there is no equivalent < selector to go the other way. I wanted the real image dimensions without any CSS modifications. There comes a point, though, where the width of the container becomes wider than the width of the image, which. When the element is a block level element we give it a width and set the left and right margins to a value of auto. Make inner divs same height as parent div (with auto height) However if you do have given explicit height to the parent element, then you could just use height:100% on the child. Thanks for creating such a nice and clean css for us. The notable exception to this behavior is the canvas element. The technique is most versatile when you understand that you can nest DIV s within one another or display them side-by-side, and thus position elements in relation to a parent block-level element that is itself relatively positioned in the document. An anchorpane's unbounded maximum width and height are an indication to the parent that it may be resized beyond its preferred size to fill whatever space is assigned to it. 9am-3pm or by appt. was-validated This class is set by Bootstrap's javascript to apply sub class validation styles to the form inputs. For example, the font-size property can be set (as it often is) on the element, and virtually every element that is a child of will inherit that font-size setting. Css Get Width Of Parent. Home → HTML/CSS → Center Div, Images, Tables and Lists inside Div To center div on page is not that complex as you think, you only need to know some important rules when you are applying CSS. Programming tips, tools, and projects from our developer community. ? What changes are required to achieve that ?. CSS transform generator - Scale the size, rotate, shift and skew HTML elements with the transform CSS3 property. CSS Inheritance. Similarily, you can override the width property of. Since the paragraph tag is our parent element, we need to decide where want our bold tag to appear in regards to the top left of the paragraph. You the use text-align:center on the parten (all the others are not needed), also the default is to have auto on height and width, no need to set it unless you're aiming to overrule using specificity or so. Min- and max- width and height values should become a regular part of your CSS. Yes, we could get the current width or height of the screen with plain JavaScript. We can either clear the floats on a new element (these days it’s often a pseudo-element) at the end of the container or use overflow:auto on the. It turns out that line-height and indeed the size of text is pretty complicated, and I’m not going to head down that rabbit hole in this article. Don't use the HTML element to center images and text; it has been deprecated, and modern web browsers no longer support it. Mission Point Resort in Mackinac Island offers spacious venues with a picture-perfect backdrop for your special day. At the time, I was mostly limited to the (still very cool) @media bubbling feature. CSS on its own can be fun, but stylesheets are getting larger, more complex, and harder to maintain. It prevents the used value of the width property from becoming larger than the value specified by max-width. Table Border Style Wizard. specified in CSS, -fx-fixed-cell-size. In CSS, there are some properties that are naturally inherited from parent to child. DIV001 AND DIV004 are parent div, DIV002 AND DIV003 are child div of DIV001. This forces the parent element to take on the height of the child elements. ) Easy, isn't it? Support. set to the size that fits in my document. According to many web designers, CSS or Cascading Style Linens is regarded as since the Start Up Business Loans With No Business Plan most popular kind of style sheet vocabulary used in the market. W3C or world wide web consortium is a well-known standard which maintains this language. Enter the terms you wish to search for. select(String selector) methods:. CSS gives us control over how to size things. With only a little CSS, you can have images keep their original aspect ratio whatever the size of the screen. Centering in CSS is a pain in the ass. In the web, elements have a relationship to one another. somewheretogo. You can use all the standard CSS properties on this element created by ::before. A 100% width will be 100% of the parent (full width). The margin element sets the amount of space between an HTML element and the next nearest element(s). 画像の幅をwidth: pxで指定することもできます。. ready(function(){ $('#main>div'). column { float: left; width: 31%; margin: 20px 1. Preprocessing. By doing this you can get a much cheaper price for something that if you bought it in your area. The best 2019 ocean number of family group actions Go to cinema. CSS is used for style and designing from the internet pages. The background-size CSS property allows developers to designate the size at which a background-image should appear within an element. To use a child theme, you install and activate it like any other theme. This causes the width of that element to default to the width of the content within it. push("name"+I+. scrollbar (class) width, height, background-color , then set overflow-y: scroll to get the vertical scrollbar. Our Social Communities. In most cases, IE6 handles this with aplomb but in certain cases it fumbles. Read our Flexbox Guide to learn how to create flexible layouts optimized for multiple devices. MIME-Version: 1. Here are examples of a frame with no styles and one with just the basics styled. * Forth Change the width:160px; to width:100%; in your #navigation li:hover ul. HTML5 doctype. If you do not know, and are using Windows, view the folder in which the image resides on your computer in Thumbnail view mode. Learn software, creative, and business skills to achieve your personal and professional goals. If you are a programmer and want to add dynamic effects to your web page, read JavaScript. css file generated by Mathematica, for example when exporting a notebook to HTML? What is te best way to modify or add new values to the CSS? I've written a simple function to. It's great for images: here we make an image that is always 50% the width of its container. One of the important concepts of building table-less layouts using CSS is floating elements. The parent div has a set width. The Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) coding language describes what those pieces should look like. Apply for student grants and college financial aid using one application form. Child take width % from parents parent. The browser will look for each family on the user's computer and in any @font-face resource. CSS width is relative to the nearest containing parent element. complete css guide Text style properties. Mission Point Resort offers the best activities on Mackinac Island. Track My Delivery. width() will always return the content width, regardless of the value of the CSS box-sizing property. If the user resizes the browser then the script runs again to resize the elements on the page. Programming tips, tools, and projects from our developer community. Test your JavaScript, CSS, Font size: Behavior. Our support forums are a great place to ask a question, learn and discover new ways to use Firefox. When the element to be centered is an inline element we use text-align center on its parent. Preprocessing. In this tutorial we will walk through a few cases where having a CSS parent selector might come in handy, along with some possible workarounds. There are many websites publishing CSS tutorials for beginners that can help a new WordPress user get started. This tutorial explains all. "Can I use" provides up-to-date browser support tables for support of front-end web technologies on desktop and mobile web browsers. Whether you're building highly interactive web applications or you just need to add a date picker to a form control, jQuery UI is the perfect choice. This causes the width of that element to default to the width of the content within it. sunSpr||{},grecaptcha;sunSpr. Here’s the full CSS. The solution relies on the somewhat counterintuitive fact that padding is calculated as a percentage of its parent element's width, not height. var qsProxy=false;function FrameBuilder(formId,appendTo,initialHeight,iframeCode,title,embedStyleJSON){this. I always set img, iframe, and embed tags to max-width: 100% so that they aren't allowed bleed through their parent and stretch the page on mobiles, but I recently asked myself if it was possible. formId=formId;this. The css_selector is a string of CSS syntax, and can be several selectors separated by comma. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: